Thursday, September 07, 2006

What is a terrorist?

Here comes the 5th anniversary of 9/11 and Bush whipped out bin Laden 17 times in a recent speech (despite having ignored prior 9/11 warnings about attacks in the U.S. and despite having disbanded the units seeking him-from Tora Bora to this year!) and still had the time to trot out Lenin and Hitler, too. Busy day. FYI...A brief intro to what a terrorist might look like while our president calls for the legitimation and normalization of torture, military tribunals, the admission of secret evidence in convicting state appointed terror suspects, and expanded wire tapping rights for the government.

Let's see what a terrorist might be...see below.

Terrorism Pre-9/11

Or several official definitions. Terrorist Defined

Webster's University Dictionary

Systematic use of violence, terror, and intimidation to achieve an end.

US Dept of Defense

The calculated use of violence or the threat of violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological.

US State Department

International terrorism is terrorism conducted with the support of a foreign government or organization and / or directed against foreign nationals, institutions or governments.

FBI

Terrorism is the unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any segment thereof, in furtherance of political or social objectives.



If these are the working definitions, officially agreed upon, then many acts throughout history could be described as terrorist acts or acts of patriotism, depending upon the perspective.

Here's a great intro to terrorism and its various definitions...Also, Jonathan Barker's book, "The No-Nonsense Guide to Terrorism" is a fine, concise introduction to the topic.

Terrorism Defined at Length

So what of State terrorism? Is there a difference between war crimes and terrorism? Could the following acts fit what we describe as terrorist acts, applying official definitions equally across the spectrum of examples?

What is a Terrorist?

Published on Wednesday, May 1, 2002
What Is A Terrorist?
by Jeff Cohen

ter·ror·ist (ter'er-ist) n. 1. One who engages in acts or an act of terrorism.

2. One who leads an armed group that kills civilians as a means of political intimidation -- unless he terrorizes Haitians while on the CIA-payroll, as did 1990s death squad leader Emmanuel Constant, in which case the U.S. refuses to extradite him to Haiti, even after Sept. 11, 2001.

3. One who targets civilian airliners and ships -- unless he blows up a Cuban civilian airliner, killing 73 people, and fires at a Polish freighter, like Orlando Bosch, in which case he is coddled and paroled by the Bush Justice Department in 1990, and his extradition is blocked.

4. One who leads a group that engages in kidnapping and murder -- unless the victims are Hondurans attacked by CIA-backed death squad Battalion 316, in which case Battalion architect Gustavo Alvarez becomes a Pentagon consultant, while the then-ambassador to Honduras who downplayed the terror, John Negroponte, is appointed U.S. ambassador to the United Nations days after Sept. 11.

5. One who uses rape and murder for political purposes -- unless the victims are four U.S. church women sexually assaulted and killed in 1980 by members of El Salvador’s U.S.-backed military, in which case excuses and distortions pour forth from then-U.N. Ambassador Jeane Kirkpatrick (“these nuns were not just nuns; they were also political activists”) and Secretary of State Al Haig (the nuns “may have tried to run a roadblock”).

6. One who designates civilians as “soft targets” to be attacked in the cause of political transformation -- unless the targets are Nicaraguans killed by Contra guerrillas armed and directed by the U.S who, according to Human Rights Watch, “systematically engage in violent abuses…so prevalent that these may be said to be their principal means of waging war.”

7. One who facilitates a massacre of civilians -- unless the victims are 900 Palestinians shot and hacked to death in the Sabra and Shatila camps by Lebanese Christian militia as Israeli soldiers stood guard, in which case Israel’s then-Defense Minster (now Prime Minister) Ariel Sharon remains a U.S. “War on Terrorism” ally after being censured as indirectly responsible for the massacre by an Israeli commission of inquiry.

Jeff Cohen is a founder of FAIR, a media critic, and author.

What of U.S. backed coup attempts and the subsequent overthrow of several democratically elected governments over the course of the 20th century, like Iran in 1953 or Guatamala in 1954? Centrist Stephen Kinzer explains in his recent work "Overthrow: America's Century of Regime Change from Hawaii to Iraq." Overviews and interviews below.

Kinzer I

Kinzer II

So while we in the U.S. incessantly talk about a so-called War on Terror (and many from military brass to legal scholars decry the term as meaningless), what do we mean exactly when we use such terms and phrases to justify our behavior in the global community? What happens if we apply such terms to our own actions, historically and in the present? We should give that a try and see where it leads.

4 Comments:

Blogger ninest123 said...

christian louboutin outlet, nike roshe run, ray ban sunglasses, louis vuitton outlet, tory burch outlet, oakley sunglasses, sac longchamp, air jordan pas cher, longchamp pas cher, louboutin outlet, louboutin, gucci outlet, ray ban sunglasses, louis vuitton, ugg boots, jordan shoes, louis vuitton, oakley sunglasses, polo ralph lauren outlet, kate spade outlet, longchamp outlet, replica watches, oakley sunglasses, prada outlet, longchamp outlet, michael kors, polo ralph lauren outlet, ray ban sunglasses, tiffany jewelry, prada handbags, longchamp, chanel handbags, replica watches, nike air max, cheap oakley sunglasses, louis vuitton outlet, nike outlet, louboutin pas cher, tiffany and co, nike air max, louboutin shoes, ralph lauren pas cher, louis vuitton, burberry, oakley sunglasses, nike free, air max, uggs on sale, ugg boots, nike free

May 30, 2016 8:28 PM  
Blogger ninest123 said...

coach outlet, abercrombie and fitch, hollister pas cher, michael kors outlet, nike air max, vans pas cher, ray ban pas cher, ugg boots, north face, michael kors outlet, michael kors, replica handbags, michael kors outlet, ugg boots, burberry, mulberry, lacoste pas cher, nike air max, nike air max, true religion jeans, michael kors, oakley pas cher, hermes, tn pas cher, lululemon, north face, hogan, burberry outlet online, nike roshe, ralph lauren uk, kate spade handbags, hollister, vanessa bruno, true religion jeans, true religion jeans, timberland, air force, michael kors outlet, new balance pas cher, michael kors, michael kors, sac guess, true religion outlet, coach purses, converse pas cher, nike free run uk, michael kors outlet, coach outlet, nike blazer, ray ban uk

May 30, 2016 8:37 PM  
Blogger ninest123 said...

instyler, reebok shoes, timberland boots, baseball bats, hollister, oakley, nike trainers, hollister, birkin bag, mont blanc, asics running shoes, nfl jerseys, mcm handbags, nike air max, north face outlet, giuseppe zanotti, celine handbags, herve leger, soccer shoes, insanity workout, abercrombie and fitch, ray ban, lululemon, converse, longchamp, bottega veneta, iphone cases, ghd, hollister, nike air max, nike roshe, soccer jerseys, vans, ferragamo shoes, babyliss, mac cosmetics, beats by dre, north face outlet, valentino shoes, ralph lauren, louboutin, jimmy choo shoes, p90x workout, chi flat iron, wedding dresses, new balance, nike huarache, vans shoes, gucci, converse outlet

May 30, 2016 8:44 PM  
Blogger ninest123 said...

juicy couture outlet, pandora jewelry, canada goose outlet, sac louis vuitton pas cher, canada goose, moncler, marc jacobs, karen millen, moncler, moncler, ugg,ugg australia,ugg italia, ugg boots uk, pandora jewelry, canada goose uk, pandora charms, swarovski crystal, hollister, louis vuitton, juicy couture outlet, moncler, canada goose, canada goose, swarovski, wedding dresses, canada goose outlet, doudoune canada goose, barbour, canada goose, links of london, thomas sabo, louis vuitton, ugg,uggs,uggs canada, moncler, lancel, ugg pas cher, barbour jackets, moncler, supra shoes, toms shoes, louis vuitton, replica watches, bottes ugg, moncler, coach outlet, louis vuitton, pandora charms, moncler outlet, montre pas cher

May 30, 2016 8:53 PM  

Post a Comment

<< Home